$3.2 Trillion in Bitcoin Payments Processed in 2018: Is the Cryptocurrency a Better Version of Gold?
By CCN.com: Throughout 2018, more than $3.2 trillion worth of Bitcoin payments were processed on the public blockchain network.
The high on-chain transaction volume of the dominant cryptocurrency has demonstrated the efficiency of the asset as a cross-border payment method and as an alternative to existing settlement systems for international payments.
Is Bitcoin a More Efficient Version of Gold?
Often, Bitcoin is compared to gold as a store of value and a medium of exchange. Both assets are unaffected by the performance of the broader financial market and are generally not correlated with traditional investment vehicles.
But, a case can be made that Bitcoin is a more efficient version of gold because of its ability to function as a medium of exchange and a cross-border payment system.
In November 2018, Binance, the world’s largest cryptocurrency exchange sent $600 million with a $7 fee, processing well over 107,000 Bitcoin within an hour.
Binance moved 109,000 bitcoins, approx $600 million at the time in November 2018, for a mere $8 in fees.
For a similar amount to be processed using gold or traditional financial services, third party service providers and regulators have to be involved, resulting in a long process of handling paperwork and compliance-related activities.
The efficiency of dealing with large transactions and cross-border transactions has allowed the Bitcoin network to reach a volume of $3.2 trillion last year, recording a year-on-year median increase of 2.91 percent.
Researchers at Satoshi Capital Research wrote:
Comparing Bitcoin’s network performance in 2018 to prior years: – Total trading volume: $2.2 trillion – Total Layer 1 transaction volume: $3.2 tn – Total change in transaction volume 2017-2018: -8.23% ($0.3 tn) – Median change year-on-year 2017-2018 for every day in the year: +2.91%.
The $3.2 trillion transaction volume of Bitcoin does not include the over-the-counter (OTC) volume, which is said to be larger than the volume of the exchange market.
Not Everyone Is Convinced
Speaking to Bloomberg, Huw van Steenis, the senior adviser to Bank of England Governor said that cryptocurrencies like Bitcoin fail fundamental tests of financial services.
With an emphasis on the bright future of the fintech sector, the advisor said, “I’m not so worried about cryptocurrencies. They fail the basic tests of financial services. They’re not a great unit of exchange, they don’t hold value, and they’re slower.”
However, the claim that cryptocurrencies are slower in processing transactions in comparison to traditional financial services is highly inaccurate.
Settlement systems such as the SWIFT network requires a minimum three to five business days for international wire transfers while Bitcoin and other major crypto assets typically can settle payments within one hour.
Previously, upon the resignation of Swift CEO Gottfried Leibbrandt, it was revealed that the SWIFT network relied on its system build 41 years ago that presents various vulnerabilities and inefficiencies in the process of settling payments.
“Swift is in very different shape than it was seven years ago. There’s always going to be a time to hand over the reins and write a new chapter. I think this is indeed the right time,” Leibbrandt said at the time.
With capital controls in many regions that disallow the outflow of gold and fiat with heavy restrictions, in the long run, Bitcoin could appeal to a wider range of investors as an efficient medium of exchange.
About The Author
Hong Kong-Based Finance and Cryptocurrency Analyst. Contributing regularly to CCN and Hacked. Providing unique insights into the crypto and fintech space since 2012.